This course consists of learning the art of blacksmithing. The students will learn the three steps needed to create a tapered metal tip. First the students will square the tapered tip, then create an octagon, and finally round it to its finished state. The students will then learn to forge a ladel handle, hook and a key ring. In the process of creating these projects the students will learn to bend, flatten, texture and twist the steel bar. The ladle scoop will be pounded out of copper and attached to the handle with copper rivets. Working with hot furnaces and hammering metal requires conscious movements, an intellectual concentration and an understanding of the material. This is a developmentally appropriate ninth grade activity because it engages both the will and the intellect.